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Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll; Countess of Argyll from NPG

The Earl and Countess of Argyll


Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll (1629–1685) was a Scottish peer.

He was born in 1629 in Dalkeith, Scotland, the son of Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll.

He became a colonel of the Foot Guards and fought in the Battle of Dunbar in 1650 and the Battle of Worcester in 1651 for Charles II.

He became the ninth earl in 1663 (on the earldom's restoration after a dissolution two years early following the execution of his father for treason). After he joined the Monmouth rebellion against James VII in 1685, he had to go into exile. He returned later and was General of the forces which invaded Scotland in support of the rebellion on 17 April 1685. He was captured at Inchinnan and on 30 June 1685, was executed like his father on the maiden in Edinburgh .

In 1650 he had married Lady Mary Stewart, daughter of the 4th Earl of Moray, with whom he had seven children: Archibald (who succeeded him as 10th Earl of Argyll), Charles, James, John, Mary, Anne and Jean. He married again, in 1670, the widow Anne, Countess Lindsay of Balcarres.

He had been elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in Oct 1663 [1]

[edit] ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lists of Royal Society Fellows 1660-2007". London: The Royal Society. http://royalsociety.org/Lists-of-Royal-Society-Fellows-1660-2007/. Retrieved 25 July 2010. [dead link]

Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages

PRIMARY

  • Dalrymple, John, Memoirs of Great Britain and Ireland, 1771.
  • Erskine, John, Journal, 1893.
  • Fountainhall, John, Chronological Notes of Scottish Affairs, 1822.
  • Hume, Sir Patrick, Narrative of the Earl of Argyle's Expedition, in Marchmont Papers, vol. III, 1831.
  • A Letter Giving a Short and True Account of the Earl of Argyls Invasion in the year 1685, 1686.

SECONDARY

  • Fox, C. J. A History of the Early Part of the Reign of James the Second, 1807.
  • Hopkins, P. Glencoe and the End of the Highland War, 1986.
  • Macaulay, T. B., History of England from the Accession of James II, 1985 reprint.
  • McKerral, A., Kintyre in the Seventeenth Century, 1948.
  • Paterson, R. C., The Forgotten Rebellion, in BBC History Magazine, June 2003.
  • Wilcock, J., A Scots Earl in Covenanting Times, 1907.
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Archibald Campbell
Earl of Argyll

1663–1685

Succeeded by
Archibald Campbell

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