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Tavistock
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1330 (1330)–1885 (1885)
Number of members two (1330-1868), one (1868-1885)
Tavistock division of Devon
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
1885 (1885)February 1974 (February 1974)
Number of members one

Tavistock was the name of a parliamentary constituency in Devon between 1330 and 1974. Until 1885 it was a parliamentary borough, consisting solely of the town of Tavistock; it returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until 1868, when its representation was reduced to one member. From 1885, the name was transferred to a single-member county constituency covering a much larger area. (Between 1885 and 1918, the constituency had the alternative name of West Devon.)

The constituency was abolished for the February 1974 general election, when it was largely replaced by the new West Devon constituency.

ContentsEdit

[hide]*1 Members of Parliament

[edit] Members of ParliamentEdit

[edit] MPs before 1640Edit

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.
Parliament First member Second member
Second Parliament of 1553 Richard Wilbraham Thomas Smyth
Parliament of 1554 Richard Mayo John Fitz, junior
Parliament of 1554-1555 John Onebyche
Parliament of 1555 Richard Mayo Thomas Southcote
Parliament of 1558 Thomas Browne George Southcote
Parliament of 1559 Unknown: the return has been lost
Parliament of 1563-1567 Sir Nicholas Throckmorton Richard Cooke
Parliament of 1571 Nathaniel Bacon Robert Ferrers died after 1572

In his place Charles Morrison

Parliament of 1572-1581
Parliament of 1584-1585 Edward Bacon Valentine Knightley
Parliament of 1586-1587 John Glanville
Parliament of 1588-1589 Michael Heneage Anthony Ashley
Parliament of 1593 Hugh Vaughan Richard Codrington
Parliament of 1597-1598 ? ?
Parliament of 1601 Henry Gray Walter Wentworth
Parliament of 1604-1611 Sir George Fleetwood Edward Duncombe
Addled Parliament (1614) (Sir) Francis Glanville
Parliament of 1621-1622 Sir Baptist Hicks, Bt
Happy Parliament (1624-1625) Sampson Hele John Pym
Useless Parliament (1625) Sir Francis Glanville
Parliament of 1625-1626 Sir John Radcliffe
Parliament of 1628-1629 Sir Francis Glanville
No Parliament summoned 1629-1640


[edit] MPs 1640-1868Edit

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Lord Russell Royalist John Pym Parliamentarian
November 1640
1641 Hon. John Russell Royalist
December 1643 Pym died - seat vacant
January 1644 Russell disabled from sitting - seat vacant
1646 Elisha Crimes Edward Fowell
December 1648 Crimes and Fowell excluded in Pride's Purge - both seats vacant
1653 Tavistock was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Henry Hatsell Edmund Fowell
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 William Russell Whig George Howard
April 1661 Sir John Davie, Bt
December 1661 Lord Russell Whig
1673 Sir Francis Drake, Bt
1679 Edward Russell Whig
1685 Sir James Butler John Beare
1689 Lord Robert Russell Sir Francis Drake, Bt
1695 Lord James Russell
March 1696 Ambrose Manaton
November 1696 Sir Francis Drake, Bt
1701 Lord Edward Russell Whig
1702 Lord James Russell
November 1703 James Bulteel
December 1703 Henry Manaton [1]
1708 Sir John Cope, Bt [2]
1711 James Bulteel
1715 Sir Francis Henry Drake, Bt
1728 Sir Humphrey Monoux, Bt
1734 Hon. Charles Fane [3] Whig Sidney Meadows
1741 Lord Sherard Manners
1742 The Viscount of Limerick
July 1747 Richard Leveson-Gower [4] Thomas Brand
December 1747 Sir Richard Wrottesley, Bt
April 1754 Richard Rigby Whig Jeffrey French
December 1754 Richard Vernon
1761 Richard Neville Aldworth
1774 Hon. Richard FitzPatrick Whig
1788 Lord John Russell Whig
June 1790 Hon. Charles Wyndham [5] Whig
December 1790 Lord John Russell Whig
1802 Lord Robert Spencer Whig
May 1807 Lord William Russell Whig
July 1807 Viscount Howick Whig
1808 George Ponsonby Whig
1812 Richard FitzPatrick Whig
1813 Lord John Russell Whig
1817 Lord Robert Spencer Whig
1818 Lord John Russell Whig
1819 John Peter Grant Whig
March 1820 John Nicholas Fazakerly Whig
May 1820 Viscount Ebrington [6] Whig
1826 Lord William Russell Whig
August 1830 Lord Russell Whig
November 1830 Lord John Russell [7] Whig
July 1831 John Heywood Hawkins Whig
October 1831 Lieutenant Colonel Francis Russell Whig
1832 Lord Russell [8] Whig Charles Richard Fox Whig
1835 John Rundle Whig
1841 Lord Edward Russell Whig
1843 Sir John Salusbury-Trelawny, Bt Whig
1847 Hon. Edward Russell Whig
April 1852 Samuel Carter [9] Whig
July 1852 Hon. George Byng Whig
1853 Robert Phillimore Whig
March 1857 Sir John Salusbury-Trelawny, Bt Whig
September 1857 Arthur Russell Whig
1859 Liberal Liberal
1865 Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda Liberal
1868 Representation reduced to one member

[edit] MPs 1868-1974Edit

Election Member Party
1868 Arthur Russell [10] Liberal
1885 Viscount Ebrington Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1892 Hugh Luttrell Liberal
1900 John Ward Spear Liberal Unionist
1906 Hugh Luttrell Liberal
Dec. 1910 Sir John Ward Spear Liberal Unionist
1918 Charles Williams Conservative
1922 Maxwell Ruthven Thornton Liberal
1924 Philip Percy Kenyon-Slaney Unionist
1928 by-election Wallace Duffield Wright Conservative
1931 Colin Mark Patrick Conservative
1942 by-election Sir Henry Studholme, Bt Conservative
1966 Michael Heseltine Conservative
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see West Devon

[edit] NotesEdit

  1. ^ Manaton was initially returned as re-elected in 1710, but on petition he was adjudged not to have been duly elected
  2. ^ Cope was re-elected in 1727, but had also been elected for Hampshire, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Tavistock
  3. ^ Succeeded as The Viscount Fane (in the Peerage of Ireland), July 1744
  4. ^ Leveson-Gower was also elected for Lichfield, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Tavistock
  5. ^ Wyndham was also elected for Midhurst, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Tavistock
  6. ^ Ebrington was re-elected in 1830, but had also been elected for Devon, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Tavistock
  7. ^ Russell was re-elected in 1831, but had also been elected for Devon, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Tavistock
  8. ^ Styled Marquess of Tavistock from 1839
  9. ^ Carter's re-election in 1853 was declared void and his opponent, Phillimore, was seated in his place.
  10. ^ Styled Lord Arthur Russell from 1872

[edit] ReferencesEdit

  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949 (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)
  • Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) [3]
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
  • Browne Willis, Notitia Parliamentaria (London, 1750) [4]
  • Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages

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